White blood cells in urine can mean a lot of things. To understand the causes and cures for conditions with WBCs in blood, you need to know some basics principles. Understanding about the normal working of human body is helpful to grasp the knowledge of pathologies. So here are a few facts about white blood cells and urine.
White blood cells are present in our blood with a quantity of 4 to 11 million in one millimeter that is 4-11 billion white blood cells in one liter of blood. So if you have 7 liters of blood in your body; you have 50 billion WBCs. They provide us immunity. They are present in blood, inter cellular spaces, spleen and lymph nodes. They are activated during an infection or inflammation. They fight the germs that enter our body.
Urine on the other hand is an excretory product of the body. It helps us get rid of the urea produced as a result of urea cycle. Which in return is a way to get rid of ammonia produced during metabolism of proteins. So when we burn proteins in our body for energy or they are turned over as result of injury to our muscle and other tissues; urea is produced consequently. Our kidneys filter that urea into urine and we excrete it. Now the things is kidney do other functions too. May be more than a half dozen. The most important one and easiest one to understand is osmoregulation. It is regulation of water level in our body. Kidneys will conserve water when our body is dehydrated. On the other hand, kidneys will excrete it when there is plenty of water.
Urine analysis is an important investigation that can be easily carried out these days. Urine analysis can help us know about constituents of urine. Presence of various solutes, there concentrations and presence of other materials like blood cells or gravel.
This analysis can help us find out if there is anything wrong going on in the body. Our topic however is confined to presence of WBCs.
What Does White Blood Cells in Urine Mean?
There are a number of causes for the presence of WBCs in urine. All these causes can be identified or diagnosed based upon a few symptoms or signs. Then there are cures which one can chose to manage the condition. Here goes discussion of these possibles causes for the presence of White blood cells in urine and their cures.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
UTIs are the commonest cause for this problem. Infection of urinary tract is a common disease due to various reasons. Top of which is poor hygiene and careless attitude towards the toilet etiquette. This is much more common in females as compared to males for various reasons. To identify and diagnose that WBCs are in urine due to urinary tract infection one can look out for signs of infection in the Peripheral Blood Picture and there can be associated fever. High grade fever in males with acute cases usually and low grade fever in females with recurrent cases.
This situation is easily curable. One can take Paracetamol for fever which is an OTC antipyretic. There are antibiotics present which can cure this with a single dose. Antibiotics should be used after consulting your physician. Last but not the least; whenever you have a problem with your urinary system – drink plenty of water. Re-hydrate yourself – this solves 50% of problems. Drink plenty of water unless your physician has advised otherwise.
This is commonest cause for the presence of blood cells in the urine. This is not a common disease as common is UTI. But this is the commonest reason for someone to have blood or blood cells in the urine. There is presence of RBCs alongside the WBCs. Blood can be pink, red or pale or even clear. Sometimes presence of blood cells is visible as color change. Sometimes it is only visible under microscope. Renal Lithiasis or kidney stone is painful condition. Patients suffers from acute pain. There can be deadly complication of a stone including but not limited to infection or swollen kidney (hydronephrosis). This can be diagnosed on an X-ray scan or an ultrasonograph.
This first and foremost thing is to re-hydrate. Drink plenty of water. Sometimes only drinking enough water is sufficient. Small stones of the size of 5 mm or less can wash out if there is plenty of urine. Then there are various drugs that can help. Lasers are there if stone is of moderate size. Laser will break it into pieces to let it wash out. Large stones can however require a surgery for their removal.
This is another reason for white blood cells in urine. This is infection of the kidney just like UTI. UTI is infection below the bladder while pyelonephritis is infection above the bladder. It can be acute or chronic. Chronic infection is actually recurrent infection that has caused damage to tissues of kidney and functions of kidney are compromised. This can result due to some other cause as for example is repeated urinary tract infection. Cure of this condition requires use of antibiotics. Fever medication in case of fever.
This is last reason for presence of white blood cells in urine in our list. This is something wrong with the bladder. There is lesion on the walls due to germs or due to a stone that has eroded the wall. Mostly it happens after taking certain drugs. Cure is simply to stop the drug if it is causing this. Re-hydrate by drinking a plenty of water. And see a physician if it is not settled.
White blood cells in urine can be due to any of the causes. Important is to find out the actual reason and then deal with it accordingly. Simple remedies like taking a wide spectrum antibiotic and drinking plenty of water can solve the issue and then there are no white blood cells in urine.