Every female in this world, goes on certain days every month which makes her feel lethargic, dizzy, nauseate and weak. These symptoms are typically associated and linked to period, also called menstrual cycle. Mainly, the muscles and veins are stretched which causes pain. Besides these signs, a female also experiences pain in the lower abdomen and a typical burning sensation in the stomach.
At times, this typical pain is reduced with pain killers. However, when it goes to extreme and bounds off, an individual’s normal routine slacks back.
In this article, we are going to provide you thorough information on the following:
- What exactly is dysmenorrhea?
- Causes of dysmenorrhea
- How to diagnose dysmenorrhea?
- Why is it normal to have sensation in the stomach during periods?
- Treatment for dysmenorrhea
- When to seek the doctor for dysmenorrhea?
What exactly is dysmenorrhea?
Dysmenorrhea is a medical term given to extremely painful periods. It is divided into two categories: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea.
It is very common which starts two to three days earlier than the period cycle and may last either for 3 days or at the end of periods.
Cramps are developed on the back of lower abdominal and lower abdominal portion too.
When cramps in the lower abdominal area are more because of any medical illness, it is referred to the second type: secondary dysmenorrhea. The medical condition endometriosis is a condition in which the outer lining attached to the uterus comes outside.
Causes of dysmenorrhea:
Cramps and the burning sensation in stomach is a result of one or more than one causes:
- Contractions in the uterus. What it implies is the tightening and relaxing of the uterus, resulting in heavy bleeding.
- Chemicals (e.g.: prostaglandins) are released from the facing of uterus enabling the increased force of contractions. Mostly, it occurs in the first three days of the menstrual cycle.
- The level of prostaglandins depends on the symptoms of diarrhea, mild headaches, and nausea.
Why is it normal to have sensation in the stomach during periods?
It is normal to have a burning sensation in the stomach. However, if it accelerates, we have to seek an expert gynecologist’s expertise. Like mentioned above, secondary dysmenorrhea is more connected to other medical conditions. Here are some other diseases which may be the source of burning sensations.
- PID – Pelvic inflammatory disease
- PMS – Premenstrual syndrome
- Infections transferred through sex or intercourse
- Device made up of copper – Intrauterine device (IUD)
Treatment for dysmenorrhea:
It is recommended to take painkillers which are found over the counters of a drug store. However, if the pain is registered and marked as severe all the time, it is better to take NSAID two days prior the periods start. What these medicines do is to stop the cramps which affect the condition of prostaglandins. Other effects of these pills are:
- Provides comfort
- Make the blood flow smoother
- Less or no cramps at all
Contraceptive pills or the birth control pills are also taken by many females to eliminate burning sensation in the stomach during periods. We recommend:
- Contraceptives are good for thinning the lining of the uterus
- Implanting vaginal ring to reduce the sexually transmitted infections
Other treatments through home remedies:
- Soak your body in a warm or lukewarm water. Bubble baths do wonder.
- Dysmenorrhea is treated by acupuncture too.
- Yoga and light exercises taper the need of pills and put you back on the normal state of health.
When to seek a doctor for dysmenorrhea?
It is always better and recommended by the experts of the field and gynecologists to seek a professionals’ help. When and when not is the question you might need to know. If you have heavy bleeding and it doesn’t bring any sensational burning feel or cramps, it is all good. However, if you face pain every month it is the time when you should seek a doctor’s help.